Definition: The interconnected network of a vascular plant’s roots. There are two types of root systems: Taproot and Fibrous. In both systems, the roots anchor and support the plant in the soil; allowing it to absorb water, oxygen and nutrients.
In the Forest Garden: Farmers plant a variety of crops with taproot systems such as carrots and parsnips. Forest Garden farmers also plant crops and trees with fibrous root systems such as onions and banana trees. Planting a variety of these crops is essential for soil health and high crop yield.
Did You Know? The taproot systemis common among Dicotyledon plants. In this system, a thick primary root or taproot develops from the radicle of a seed (the embryo) and grows deep in the soil while smaller, lateral roots sprout from it. Thefibrous root systemis common among monocotyledon plants. In this system, a large number of thin roots develop from the stem and grow downwards and outwards. Unlike the taproot system, roots in a fibrous root system can be underground or aerial.