Barrier rows of trees and shrubs planted to protect crops from wind. Windbreaks serve to slow the wind or divert the force of the wind to higher altitudes.
How it Works
Windbreaks protect vegetables and crops by reducing the damage caused by strong winds, minimizing the amount of moisture the winds evaporate from the soil and air, and by reducing wind erosion of soil. Additionally, well-established windbreaks can protect crops from insect pests by interfering with their movement from field to field. Windbreaks also and increasing the plant diversity of the field, which creates a more favorable environment for beneficial insects and insect predators like birds and bats.
TREES Windbreak Integration into the Green Wall
Because Forest Garden plots of Trees for the Future farmers are often on the small side, and don’t require or have the space for a windbreak that will protect up to 1,000 meters, the traditional four-line windbreak structure is adapted into the three-line Green Wall, by planting the inner line with a taller species on all four borders of the field. This provides enough protection to the Forest Garden production on the interior. For bigger fields, it is recommended to design a more traditional multiline windbreak on the side(s) of prevailing wind.